Range of Motion Following Percutaneous Fixation of Pediatric Supracondylar Humerus Fracture Is Independent of Anterior Osseous Fragment Resorption
The objective of this study was to understand postoperative resorption of the anterior osseous fragment following closed reduction and percutaneous pinning (CRPP) of pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures and its effect on final range of motion (ROM). Eighty-six patients that underwent CRPP had sagittal and or axial plane deformities resulting in an anterior fragment. Humerocapitellar angle (HCA), anterior humeral line (AHL) and angle of rotation (AoR) were measured. A total of 11 (12.8%) patients failed to resorb the anterior fragment, 10 (90.9%) had satisfactory ROM. HCA initially was acceptable in 40 (46.5%) patients, and 37 (92.5%) demonstrated acceptable ROM. Final HCA was acceptable in 44 (51.2%) patients and 42 (95.4%) had acceptable final ROM. AHL was in the anterior third of the capitellum in 35 (40.6%) patients and 33 (94.3%) had acceptable ROM. Final AHL was in the anterior third of the capitellum in 43 (50.0%) patients and 41 (95.3%) had acceptable final ROM. No difference was found between acceptable ROM and HCA or AHL at either follow-up. Sixty-five and 21 patients had an AoR of 0° and between 23 and 36°, respectively. A total of 59 (90.7%) patients with an AoR of 0°, and 18 (85.7%) patients with an AoR of 23-36° displayed acceptable ROM. A total of 57 (87.7%) patients with an AoR of 0° and 18 (85.7%) with an AoR of 23-36° resorbed the anterior fragment. No association was found between rotational deformity and postoperative ROM or fragment resorption. Postoperative sagittal and axial plane alignment, HCA, AHL, AoR and resorption of the anterior osseous fragment does not correlate with final ROM.
Silverstein, R. S., Meltsakos, C. P., Dedhia, N., Lynch, B. C., Lucas, P. A., Asprinio, D. E., & Cristofaro, R. L. (2022). Range of Motion Following Percutaneous Fixation of Pediatric Supracondylar Humerus Fracture Is Independent of Anterior Osseous Fragment Resorption. https://doi.org/10.1097/BPB.0000000000000839