NYMC Faculty Publications

COVID-19 and Solid Organ Transplantation: Role of Anti-SARS-Cov-2 Monoclonal Antibodies

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Current Transplantation Reports

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PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Solid organ transplant recipients (SOTRs) are ideal candidates for early treatment or prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) using anti-SARS-CoV-2 monoclonal antibodies because of multiple underlying medical conditions, chronic immune-suppression, sub-optimal immunogenic response to vaccination, and evolving epidemiological risks. In this article, we review pertinent challenges regarding the management of COVID-19 in SOTRs, describe the role of active and passive immunity in the treatment and prevention of COVID-19, and review real-world data regarding the use of anti-SARS-CoV-2 monoclonal antibodies in SOTRs. RECENT FINDINGS: The use of an anti-SARS-CoV-2 monoclonal antibody in high-risk solid organ transplant recipients is associated with a reduction in the risk of hospitalization, need for intensive care, and death related to COVID-19. Overall, the early experiences from a diverse population of solid organ transplant recipients who were treated with anti-spike monoclonal antibodies are encouraging with no reported acute graft injury, severe adverse events, or deaths related to COVID-19. SUMMARY: Anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies are currently authorized for treatment of mild-moderate COVID-19 and post-exposure prophylaxis, including in SOTRs. Potential future uses include pre-exposure prophylaxis in certain high-risk persons and synergistic use along with emerging oral treatment options. Successful timely administration of anti-SARS-CoV-2 monoclonal antibodies requires a multidisciplinary team approach, effective communication between patients and providers, awareness of circulating viral variants, acknowledgement of various biases affecting treatment, and close monitoring for efficacy and tolerability.