NYMC Faculty Publications

Outcomes of Rotational Atherectomy Followed by Cutting Balloon versus Plain Balloon Before Drug-Eluting Stent Implantation for Calcified Coronary Lesions: A Meta-Analysis

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Faculty, Resident/Fellow

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Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions

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OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to compare outcomes of rotational atherectomy and cutting balloon (RACB) versus rotational atherectomy and plain balloon (RAPB) before drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation in calcified coronary lesions. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCT) and observational studies comparing RACB with RAPB were identified through a systematic search of published literature across multiple databases. Random effect meta-analysis was performed to compare the outcome between the two groups. RESULTS: Four studies were included in the meta-analysis (three observational and one RCT) involving a total of 315 patients. 166 patients had RACB, and 149 patients had RAPB before DES placement with a median follow-up of 11.5 months. Compared with patients who had RAPB there was no difference in MACE (composite of death, myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization) (odds ratio [OR]: 0.74; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.25-2.18], slow flow/no reflow (OR: 0.71; 95% CI: 0.23-2.16), all-cause mortality (OR: 2.02; 95% CI: 0.28-14.60), and device success rate (OR: 1.79; 95% CI: 0.28-11.18) in the RACB approach. There was a benefit towards less target lesion revascularization in the RACB group; however, this outcome was reported in two studies (OR: 0.29; 95% CI: 0.08-0.99). On meta-regression there was no association between age, sex, diabetes, or lesion location with MACE and all-cause mortality. The studies were homogenous across all outcomes. CONCLUSION: RACB, as compared with RAPB, had a similar risk of MACE, all-cause mortality, device success, and complication, but a lower risk of target lesion revascularization.