NYMC Faculty Publications

Adult and Elderly Risk Factors of Mortality in 23,614 Emergently Admitted Patients With Rectal or Rectosigmoid Junction Malignancy

Author Type(s)


Journal Title

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Document Type


Publication Date





Background: Colorectal cancer, among which are malignant neoplasms of the rectum and rectosigmoid junction, is the fourth most common cancer cause of death globally. The goal of this study was to evaluate independent predictors of in-hospital mortality in adult and elderly patients undergoing emergency admission for malignant neoplasm of the rectum and rectosigmoid junction. Methods: Demographic and clinical data were obtained from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS), 2005−2014, to evaluate adult (age 18−64 years) and elderly (65+ years) patients with malignant neoplasm of the rectum and rectosigmoid junction who underwent emergency surgery. A multivariable logistic regression model with backward elimination process was used to identify the association of predictors and in-hospital mortality. Results: A total of 10,918 non-elderly adult and 12,696 elderly patients were included in this study. Their mean (standard deviation (SD)) age was 53 (8.5) and 77.5 (8) years, respectively. The odds ratios (95% confidence interval, P-value) of some of the pertinent risk factors for mortality for operated adults were 1.04 for time to operation (95%CI: 1.02−1.07, p < 0.001), 2.83 for respiratory diseases (95%CI: 2.02−3.98), and 1.93 for cardiac disease (95%CI: 1.39−2.70), among others. Hospital length of stay was a significant risk factor as well for elderly patients—OR: 1.02 (95%CI: 1.01−1.03, p = 0.002). Conclusions: In adult patients who underwent an operation, time to operation, respiratory diseases, and cardiac disease were some of the main risk factors of mortality. In patients who did not undergo a surgical procedure, malignant neoplasm of the rectosigmoid junction, respiratory disease, and fluid and electrolyte disorders were risk factors of mortality. In this patient group, hospital length of stay was only significant for elderly patients.