Induction of Severe Eosinophilic Esophagitis and Multi-Organ Inflammation by Airborne Allergens Is Associated With IL-4/IL-13 and CCL11 but Not Ige in Genetic Susceptible Mice
Pathology, Microbiology & Immunology
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic Esophagitis (EoE) is an increasingly common chronic inflammatory disease. The pathological mechanisms underlying EoE are largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: We sought to understand the mechanisms underlying aeroallergen-induced EoE in Sharpin gene deficient (Sharpin-/-) mice that is prone to inflammatory response. METHODS: Sharpin-/-mice were exposed with and ovalbumin intranasally every alternate day for 4 weeks. Wild type (WT) naïve mice, WT exposed, and un-exposed Sharpin-/- mice were controls. Histopathological analysis was performed by H&E, trichrome and major basic protein staining. Total and specific IgE, IgG, and IgA levels were measured by ELISA and Th2 cytokine and CCL11 chemokine gene expression were determined. RESULTS: Airborne allergen exposed Sharpin-/- mice showed severe eosinophilic inflammation in the esophagus (p < 0.001), and markedly increased epithelial thickening (p < 0.0001) compared to WT normal controls, whereas airborne allergen exposed WT mice and unexposed Sharpin-/- mice only showed mild eosinophilic inflammation in the esophagus. These exposed Sharpin-/- mice also showed over 7-fold increase in blood eosinophils (p < 0.0001), 60-fold increase in eosinophils in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (p < 0.0001) and 4-fold increase in eosinophils in the skin (p < 0.0001) compared to normal controls. Surprisingly, exposed Sharpin-/- mice did not show elevation of serum total or antigen-specific IgE levels but reduced total IgA and IgG levels than normal controls There was a marked increase in IL-4, IL-13 and CCL11 gene expression in esophageal tissue (p < 0.001) in exposed Sharpin-/- mice compared to WT normal mice. CONCLUSION: Th2 cytokines and chemokines, but not IgE may play an important pathologic role in aeroallergen-induced EoE. This study may provide insight into new therapeutics for EoE.
Maskey, A., Srivastava, K., Soffer, G., Dunkin, D., Yuan, Q., & Li, X. (2022). Induction of Severe Eosinophilic Esophagitis and Multi-Organ Inflammation by Airborne Allergens Is Associated With IL-4/IL-13 and CCL11 but Not Ige in Genetic Susceptible Mice. https://doi.org/10.2147/JIR.S372449