The Utility of Grip Strength as a Simplified Measure of Frailty in the Older Adult in the Preoperative Clinic
Objective The aim of this study was to compare the measure of grip strength against other validated methods of measuring frailty. Materials and methods This was a single-center, cross-sectional study that took place at the Westchester Medical Center Pre-Procedural Testing Clinic. The patient population included n = 73 patients ≥65 years of age evaluated for elective surgery. During the study, patients' grip strength, CFS-I (Clinical Frailty Score of Investigator), CFS-P (Clinical Frailty Score of Participant), and FRAIL (Fatigue, Resistance, Aerobic capacity, Illnesses, and Loss of weight) scores were measured. Results Grip strength correlated negatively with the CFS-I, CFS-P, and FRAIL scores for females. Reduced grip strength in females correlated with higher frailty scores and vice versa. Male grip strength showed no significant relationship with the frailty scales. In addition, multivariate linear regression analysis revealed that the independent measure that demonstrated a significant inverse association with grip strength was age (β= -0.43, p = <0.001). Conclusions There exists a difference in the utility of grip strength as a measure of frailty between males and females.
Spiegowski, D., Metzger, L., Jain, A., Inchiosa, M. A., Weber, G., & Abramowicz, A. E. (2022). The Utility of Grip Strength as a Simplified Measure of Frailty in the Older Adult in the Preoperative Clinic. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.28747