Adenosine Stimulates the Basolateral 50 pS K Channel in Renal Proximal Tubule via Adenosine-A1 Receptor
The basolateral potassium channels play an important role in maintaining the membrane transport in the renal proximal tubules (PT) and adenosine receptors have been shown to regulate the trans-epithelial Na absorption in the PT. The aim of the present study is to explore whether adenosine also regulates the basolateral K channel of the PT and to determine the adenosine receptor type and the signaling pathway which mediates the effect of adenosine on the K channel. We have used the single channel recording to examine the basolateral K channel activity in the proximal tubules of the mouse kidney. All experiments were performed in cell-attached patches. Single channel recording has detected a 50 pS inwardly-rectifying K channel with high channel open probability and this 50 pS K channel is a predominant type K channel in the basolateral membrane of the mouse PT. Adding adenosine increased 50 pS K channel activity in cell-attached patches, defined by NP (a product of channel Numbers and Open Probability). The adenosine-induced stimulation of the 50 pS K channel was absent in the PT pretreated with DPCPX, a selective inhibitor of adenosine A1 receptor. In contrast, adenosine was still able to stimulate the 50 pS K channel in the PT pretreated with CP-66713, a selective adenosine A2 receptor antagonist. This suggests that the stimulatory effect of adenosine on the 50 pS K channel of the PT was mediated by adenosine-A1 receptor. Moreover, the effect of adenosine on the 50 pS K channel was blocked in the PT pretreated with U-73122 or Calphostin C, suggesting that adenosine-induced stimulation of the 50 pS K channels of the PT was due to the activation of phospholipase C (PLC) and protein kinase C (PKC) pathway. In contrast, the inhibition of phospholipase A2 (PLA2) with AACOCF3 or inhibition of protein kinase A (PKA) with H8 failed to block the adenosine-induced stimulation of the 50 pS K channel of the PT. We conclude that adenosine activates the 50 pS K channels in the basolateral membrane of PT via adenosine-A1 receptor. Furthermore, the effect of adenosine on the 50 pS K channel is mediated by PLC-PKC signaling pathway.
Liu, H., Sun, Q., Ding, Z., Shi, W., Wang, W., & Zhang, C. (2023). Adenosine Stimulates the Basolateral 50 pS K Channel in Renal Proximal Tubule via Adenosine-A1 Receptor. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2023.1242975