Comparison of Ampfire and MY09/11 Assays for HPV Genotyping in Anogenital Specimen of Rwandan Men Who Have Sex With Men
INTRODUCTION: The AmpFire HPV genotyping Assay (Atila Biosystems, Mountain View, CA, USA) is a new test for which there are few data regarding its analytic performance and reliability. Using anal and penile swab specimens from a cohort study of men who have sex with men (MSM) in Rwanda, we compared high-risk HPV (hrHPV) detection by AmpFire done at two laboratories, one at University of California San Francisco (UCSF) and the other Rwanda Military Hospital, and well-validated MY09/11-based assay done at UCSF. METHODS: Anal and penile specimens collected from 338 MSM from March 2016 to September 2016 were tested for high-risk HPV genotypes (hrHPV) by MY09/11, AmpFire UCSF and AmpFire RMH. Cohen's kappa coefficient was used to test for reproducibility. RESULTS: The hrHPV positivity by MY09/11 and AmpFire UCSF was 13% and 20.7% (k = 0.73) for anal specimens and was 26.3% and 32.6% (k = 0.67) for penile specimens. Specifically, good reproducibility was for types 16 and 18 (k = 0.69 and k = 0.71) for anal specimens and (k = 0.50 and k = 0.72) for penile specimens. The hrHPV positivity by AmpFire at UCSF and RMH was 20.7% for both laboratories (k = 0.87) for anal specimens and was 34.9% and 31.9% (k = 0.89) for penile specimens. Specifically, excellent reproducibility was for types 16 and 18 for anal specimens (k = 0.80 and k = 1.00) and penile specimens (k = 0.85 and k = 0.91). CONCLUSION: Results show that MY09/11 and AmpFire assays have good reproducibility while the AmpFire UCSF and RMH assays have excellent reproducibility. These results show that AmpFire is a promising HPV genotyping test.
Kanyabwisha, F., Kim, H., Shi, Q., Murenzi, G., Tuyisenge, P., Kubwimana, G., Munyaneza, A., Murangwa, A., Turizigiye, O., Da Costa, M., Nsengiyumva, B., Chen, X., Mutesa, L., Anastos, K. M., & Palefsky, J. M. (2023). Comparison of Ampfire and MY09/11 Assays for HPV Genotyping in Anogenital Specimen of Rwandan Men Who Have Sex With Men. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e16016