Effect of Zuranolone on Concurrent Anxiety and Insomnia Symptoms in Women With Postpartum Depression
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Concurrent anxiety and/or insomnia symptoms in women with postpartum depression (PPD) are common and associated with more severe PPD. The effects of zuranolone on concurrent anxiety and/or insomnia symptoms and on patient-perceived functional health in women with PPD in the ROBIN study are reported. The phase 3, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial (conducted January 2017-December 2018) included women aged 18-45 years, ≤ 6 months postpartum, with PPD (onset of -defined major depressive episode in the third trimester or ≤ 4 weeks postpartum) and baseline 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS-17) total score ≥ 26. Women were randomized 1:1 to once-daily oral zuranolone 30 mg (n = 77) or placebo (n = 76) for 14 days with follow-up through day 45. Concurrent remission of depressive and anxiety symptoms (Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale total score ≤ 7 plus HDRS-17 total score ≤ 7 or Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale total score ≤ 10), improvement in insomnia symptoms, patient-perceived functional health, and treatment effect sizes described by number needed to treat (NNT) were assessed. Analyses were exploratory; values are nominal. Rates of concurrent remission of depressive and anxiety symptoms were higher with zuranolone versus placebo < .05) at days 3, 15, and 45; the rate of sustained concurrent remission (ie, at both days 15 and 45) was also higher with zuranolone ( < .05). Anxiety symptoms (assessed by HDRS-17 anxiety/somatization subscale and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale anxiety subscale) improved with zuranolone versus placebo ( < .05) at days 3 through 45. Potential benefits on insomnia symptoms and patient-perceived functional health were observed. Day 15 NNTs were 5 for both HDRS-17 response and remission. Zuranolone was associated with concurrent improvements in depressive and anxiety symptoms, with beneficial effects on insomnia symptoms and patient-perceived functional health in adults with PPD. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02978326.
Deligiannidis, K. M., Citrome, L., Huang, M., Acaster, S., Fridman, M., Bonthapally, V., Lasser, R., & Kanes, S. J. (2023). Effect of Zuranolone on Concurrent Anxiety and Insomnia Symptoms in Women With Postpartum Depression. https://doi.org/10.4088/JCP.22m14475