The Past, Present, and the Future of Carcinoid Heart Disease
Carcinoid heart disease is a frequent manifestation of carcinoid syndrome. It results from the release of a large amount of serotonin and subsequently fibrosis of right sided heart valves, that is, tricuspid and pulmonic valve. This article reviews the pathogenesis, clinical symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of carcinoid heart disease. Recent developments in treating carcinoid heart disease have improved the poor prognosis associated with the disease.
Meir, J., Michaud, L., Frishman, W. H., & Aronow, W. S. (2023). The Past, Present, and the Future of Carcinoid Heart Disease. https://doi.org/10.1097/CRD.0000000000000475