NYMC Faculty Publications

Cervical Varicosities, an Uncommon Cause of Third-Trimester Bleeding in Pregnancy: A Case Report

Author Type(s)

Resident/Fellow, Faculty

Journal Title

Case Reports in Women's Health

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Obstetrics and Gynecology


Cervical varicosities are dilated cervical veins and are uncommon causes of third-trimester vaginal bleeding. Early identification of patients with cervical varices is critical to prevent postpartum hemorrhage, which increases the risk of maternal morbidity and mortality. This is a case report of a 30-year-old woman, gravida 2 para 1, who presented to the labor and delivery unit at 35 weeks 6 days of gestation with a singleton pregnancy with vaginal bleeding. She underwent a pelvic exam under anesthesia and was found to have a 5x5 cm mass of varicosities protruding from the external cervical os, extending over the anterior vaginal lip to the anterior vaginal fornix. A decision was made to deliver via cesarean section. Intraoperative findings were significant for 800 cc of blood loss and a 5-6 cm right ovarian teratoma, which was excised. The patient received two units of packed red blood cells for acute blood-loss anemia postoperatively. This case is unique as the patient had none of the established risk factors for the development of cervical varices. Due to the risks of hemorrhage, morbidity and mortality, physicians and healthcare providers should include cervical varices in their differential diagnoses of patients who present with vaginal bleeding.