Elderly Patients Managed Non-Operatively With Abscesses of the Anorectal Region Have Five Times Higher Rate of Mortality Compared to Non-Elderly
This study's purpose was to investigate risk factors for mortality from anorectal abscesses through a more comprehensive examination. This was a retrospective study that evaluated National Inpatient Sample patient data of adult and elderly patients emergently admitted with a primary diagnosis of anorectal abscess. Data was stratified by variables of interest and examined through statistical analysis, including backward logistic regression modelling. Roughly 40,000 adult patients and nearly 7000 elderly patients were admitted emergently with a primary diagnosis of abscess in anorectal regions. The mean age of adult male patients was 43 years while elderly male patients were, on average, 73 years old. Both adult males (69.0%) and elderly males (63.9%) were more frequently seen in the hospital for anorectal abscess compared to females. Mortality rates were lower in adult patients as only 0.2% (n = 62) of adult patients and 1.0% (n = 73) of elderly patients died in the hospital. Age increased the odds of mortality (OR = 1.03; 95% CI: 1.02-1.04, < 0.001) as did hospital length of stay (OR = 1.02; 95% CI: 1.01-1.03, < 0.001). Surgical procedure decreased the odds of mortality by more than 50% (OR = 0.49; 95% CI: 0.33-0.71, < 0.001). Risk factors for mortality from anorectal abscess included age and non-operative management, which leads to prolonged hospital length of stay. Surgical management of anorectal abscesses offered protective benefits.
Ladinsky, A., Smiley, A., & Latifi, R. (2023). Elderly Patients Managed Non-Operatively With Abscesses of the Anorectal Region Have Five Times Higher Rate of Mortality Compared to Non-Elderly. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20075387