NYMC Faculty Publications

Gpr75-Deficient Mice Are Protected From High-Fat Diet-Induced Obesity

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Student, Faculty

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OBJECTIVE: G-protein coupled receptor 75 (GPR75) has been identified as the high-affinity receptor of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE), a vasoactive and proinflammatory lipid, and mice overproducing 20-HETE have been shown to develop insulin resistance when fed a high-fat diet (HFD), which was prevented by a 20-HETE receptor blocker. Simultaneously, a large-scale exome sequencing of 640,000 subjects identified an association between loss-of-function GPR75 variants and protection against obesity. METHODS: Wild-type (WT) and Gpr75-deficient mice were placed on HFD for 14 weeks, and their obesity phenotype was examined. RESULTS: Male and female Gpr75 null (knockout [KO]) and heterozygous mice gained less weight than WT mice when placed on HFD. KO mice maintained the same level of energy expenditure during HFD feeding, whereas WT mice showed a significant reduction in energy expenditure. Diet-driven adiposity and adipocyte hypertrophy were greatly lessened in Gpr75-deficient mice. HFD-fed KO mice did not develop insulin resistance. Adipose tissue from Gpr75-deficient mice had increased expression of thermogenic genes and decreased levels of inflammatory markers. Moreover, insulin signaling, which was impaired in HFD-fed WT mice, was unchanged in KO mice. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that GPR75 is an important player in the control of metabolism and glucose homeostasis and a likely novel therapeutic target to combat obesity-driven metabolic disorders.