Acute Ischemic Strokes in Patients With Developmental Disabilities: A Cross-Sectional Analysis
Student, Resident/Fellow, Faculty
OBJECTIVE: Patients with developmental disabilities (DD) are frequently excluded from acute ischemic stroke (AIS) randomized control trials. We sought to evaluate the impact of having DD on this patient cohort. METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample was analyzed to explore the impact of AIS and treatment on discharge dispositions in patients with DD. Clinical characteristics, treatments, and outcomes were compared to fully-abled patients with AIS. RESULTS: 1,605,723 patients with AIS were identified from 2010-2019, of whom 4094 (0.30%) had a DD. AIS patients with DD were younger (60.31 vs 70.93 years, p < 0.01), less likely to be Caucasian (66.37%vs 68.09%, p = 0.01), and had higher AIS severity (0.63 vs 0.58, p < 0.01). Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) was administered in 99,739 (6.2%) fully-abled patients and 196 (4.79%) of patients with DD (p < 0.01). Endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) was performed in 21,066 (1.31%) of fully-abled patients and 35 (0.85%) of patients with DD (p < 0.01). The presence of developmental disabilities were predictive of lower rates of tPA (OR:0.71,CI:0.56-0.87,p < 0.01) and EVT (OR:0.24,CI:0.16-0.36,p < 0.01). In a propensity score-matched cohort of all AIS patients who underwent EVT, there was no difference in functional outcome (p = 0.41), in-hospital mortality (0.10), and LOS (p = 0.79). CONCLUSION: AIS patients with DD were less likely to receive tPA and EVT compared to fully-abled patients. Individuals with DD had higher mortality and worse discharge disposition. There was no significant difference in post-EVT outcomes between fully-abled patients and patients with developmental disabilities. In the absence of prospective clinical trials, population based cross-sectional analyses such as the present study provide valuable clinical insight.
Lui, A., Feldstein, E., Clare, K., Dicpinigaitis, A. J., Reddy, M., Khan, F., Semaan, R., Galluzzo, D., Shapiro, S., Kamal, H., Yaghi, S., Pisapia, J., Muh, C., Nuoman, R., Overby, P., Etienne, M., Chong, J., Mayer, S., Gandhi, C. D., & Al-Mufti, F. (2023). Acute Ischemic Strokes in Patients With Developmental Disabilities: A Cross-Sectional Analysis. https://doi.org/10.1177/15910199221110327