NYMC Faculty Publications

Higher Dose Alglucosidase Alfa Is Associated With Improved Overall Survival In Infantile-Onset Pompe Disease (IOPD): Data From the Pompe Registry

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Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases

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BACKGROUND: Studies indicate that doses of alglucosidase alfa (ALGLU) higher than label dose (20 mg/kg every other week) improve clinical outcomes in infantile-onset Pompe disease (IOPD). We investigated data from the Pompe Registry to determine the association between ALGLU dose and survival in IOPD. RESULTS: We included 332 IOPD patients from the Registry as of January 2022 who had cardiomyopathy and were first treated at age < 1 year. We used Cox proportional hazards models to estimate hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the association between ALGLU as a time-varying exposure and survival, adjusting for age at first treatment, sex, and cross-reactive immunologic material (CRIM)/immune tolerance induction (ITI) status. Dose was measured as average relative dose received over time (in multiples of label dose, range > 0 to 4 times label dose), current dose, and lagged dose. 81% patients received label dose at treatment initiation. Over time, 52% received a higher dose. Higher ALGLU dose over time was associated with improved survival: adjusted HR 0.40 (95% CI 0.22-0.73, p = 0.003) per 1-unit increase in average relative dose, with similar results for invasive ventilation-free survival (adjusted HR 0.48, 95% CI 0.28-0.84; p = 0.010). The association was consistent in patients first treated before or after 3 months of age and did not vary significantly by CRIM status. Results for current and lagged dose were similar to average dose. CONCLUSIONS: Higher ALGLU doses were associated with significantly improved overall and invasive ventilator-free survival in IOPD. Results were consistent across sensitivity analyses.