NYMC Faculty Publications

Quilting Suture Technique After Mastectomy: A Meta-Analysis

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Resident/Fellow, Faculty

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The American Surgeon

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BACKGROUND: There is no level 1a evidence testing quilting suture (QS) technique after mastectomy on wound outcomes. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates QS and association with surgical site occurrences as compared to conventional closure (CC) for mastectomy. METHODS: MEDLINE, PubMed, and Cochrane Library were systematically searched to include adult women with breast cancer undergoing mastectomy. The primary endpoint was postoperative seroma rate. Secondary endpoints included rates of hematoma, surgical site infection (SSI), and flap necrosis. The Mantel-Haenszel method with random-effects model was used for meta-analysis. Number needed to treat was calculated to assess clinical relevance of statistical findings. RESULTS: Thirteen studies totaling 1748 patients (870 QS and 878 CC) were included. Seroma rates were statistically significantly lower in patients with QS (OR [95%CI] = .32 [.18, .57]; < .0001) than CC. Hematoma rates (OR [95%CI] = 1.07 [.52, 2.20]; = .85), SSI rates (OR [95%CI] = .93 [.61, 1.41]; = .73), and flap necrosis rates (OR [95%CI] = .61 [.30, 1.23]; = .17) did not significantly vary between QS and CC. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis found that QS was associated with significantly decreased seroma rates when compared to CC in patients undergoing mastectomy for cancer. However, improvement in seroma rates did not translate into a difference in hematoma, SSI, or flap necrosis rates.