The Gene Polymorphisms of IL-8(-251T/A) and IP-10(-1596C/T) Are Associated with Susceptibility and Progression of Type 2 Diabetic Retinopathy in Northern Chinese Population
Purpose: The aim of the present study is to investigate the association of the polymorphism of two genes in CXC chemokine family, interleukin-8 (IL-8) and interferon-inducible protein 10 (IP-10), with both susceptibility and progression of DR in T2D population of northern China.Patients and methodsA total of 1043 eligible type 2 diabetic patients from Heilongjiang of northern China were recruited for this study. They were grouped into: with diabetic retinopathy (DR, 528 cases) and without diabetic retinopathy (DNR, 515 cases). Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping of IL-8(-251T/A) and IP-10(-1596C/T) was performed by polymerase chain reaction. Multivariate analysis and stepwise multiple logistic progression analysis were conducted to evaluate the association between gene SNP and DR susceptibility and progression. Pooled odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was applied to assess the strength of the association among study groups.ResultsThe occurring of IL-8(-251) AA genotype was correlated with susceptibility (OR: 2.286, 95% CI: 1.382-3.782, P=0.001) and progression of high-risk proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) (OR: 0.354, 95% CI: 0.162-0.770, P=0.009). Reversely, T allele of IP-10 (-1596) C/T was correlated with a reduced risk of DR (OR: 0.341, 95% CI: 0.249-0.466, P0.05).ConclusionsAA genotype of IL-8-251T/A was closely correlated to DR and high-risk proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). -1596T allele of the IP-10 is a beneficial genotype for DR.
Dong, L., Bai, J., Jiang, X., Yang, M., Zheng, Y., Zhang, H., & Lin, D. (2017). The Gene Polymorphisms of IL-8(-251T/A) and IP-10(-1596C/T) Are Associated with Susceptibility and Progression of Type 2 Diabetic Retinopathy in Northern Chinese Population. Eye (London, England), 31 (4), 601-607. https://doi.org/10.1038/eye.2016.287