Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) from sunlight is the major effector for skin aging and carcinogenesis. However, genes and pathways altered by solar-simulated UVR (ssUVR), a mixture of UVA and UVB, are not well characterized. Here we report global changes in gene expression as well as associated pathways and upstream transcription factors in human keratinocytes exposed to ssUVR. Human HaCaT keratinocytes were exposed to either a single dose or 5 repetitive doses of ssUVR. Comprehensive analyses of gene expression profiles as well as functional annotation were performed at 24 hours post irradiation. Our results revealed that ssUVR modulated genes with diverse cellular functions changed in a dose-dependent manner. Gene expression in cells exposed to a single dose of ssUVR differed significantly from those that underwent repetitive exposures. While single ssUVR caused a significant inhibition in genes involved in cell cycle progression, especially G2/M checkpoint and mitotic regulation, repetitive ssUVR led to extensive changes in genes related to cell signaling and metabolism. We have also identified a panel of ssUVR target genes that exhibited persistent changes in gene expression even at 1 week after irradiation. These results revealed a complex network of transcriptional regulators and pathways that orchestrate the cellular response to ssUVR.
Des Marais, T., Kluz, T., Xu, D., Zhang, X., Gesumaria, L., Matsui, M., Costa, M., & Sun, H. (2017). Transcription Factors and Stress Response Gene Alterations in Human Keratinocytes Following Solar Simulated Ultra Violet Radiation. Scientific Reports, 7 (1), 13622. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-13765-7
Originally published in Scientific Reports, 7 (1), 13622.https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-13765-7
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