Intracoronary Adenosine-Induced Ventricular Arrhythmias During Fractional Flow Reserve (FFR) Measurement: Case Series and Literature Review
Fractional flow reserve (FFR) is a standardized and well-established method frequently used in clinical practice to evaluate the hemodynamic significance of epicardial coronary stenosis identified by coronary angiography. It is based on the change in the pressure gradient across the stenosis after the achievement of maximal hyperemia of the coronary circulation which is commonly induced by intravenous (IV) or intracoronary (IC) administration of adenosine. Here, we have described three cases of IC adenosine-induced ventricular arrhythmias during FFR measurement from our institution, and after literature review we found that all the cases of ventricular arrhythmias induced by adenosine during FFR measurement were observed where it was administered via IC route. Although a causal relationship between the use of IC adenosine during FFR measurement and the induction of ventricular arrhythmias is not yet established, we suggest using IV adenosine as the preferred route of administration until we better understand the incidence and mechanism underlying this phenomenon.
Patel, H., Shah, P., Bajaj, S., Virk, H., Bikkina, M., & Shamoon, F. (2017). Intracoronary Adenosine-Induced Ventricular Arrhythmias During Fractional Flow Reserve (FFR) Measurement: Case Series and Literature Review. Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics, 32 (4), 374-380. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12928-016-0427-8