Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the human angiotensinogen (hAGT) gene may modulate its transcription and affect the regulation of blood pressure via activation of the renin-angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS). In this regard, we have identified polymorphisms in the 2.5 Kb promoter of the hAGT gene that form two haplotype (Hap) blocks: -6A/G (-1670A/G, -1562C/T, -1561T/C) and -217A/G (-532T/C, -793A/G, -1074T/C & -1178G/A). hAGT gene with Hap -6A/-217A (Hap I) is associated with increased blood pressure whereas, Hap -6G/-217G (Hap II) is associated with normal blood pressure in human subjects. Since RAAS over activity contributes to hypertension in obesity, we have made transgenic mice (TG) containing either Hap I or Hap II of the hAGT gene to understand the role of obesity on its transcriptional regulation. Although, a high-fat diet (60% Kcal from fat, 12 weeks) elevates hAGT and mAGT regardless of haplotype, this effect is significantly (p<0.05) accentuated in Hap I mice, in both adipose and liver tissues. Chromatin Immuno- precipitation (ChIP) assay shows an increased binding of transcription factors including, GR, CEBPβ and STAT3 to the chromatin of the Hap I TG mice after high-fat diet as compared to Hap II TG mice (p<0.05). Differential plasma levels of hAGT in Hap II and I mice, after high-fat diet, further corroborate the variable transcriptional regulation of the hAGT, governed by gene-haplotypes. Taken together, our results show that SNPs in the Hap-I of the hAGT gene promote high-fat diet-induced binding of transcription factors GR, CEBP-β and STAT3, which lead to elevated expression of the hAGT gene in hepatic and adipose tissues.
Rana, A., Jain, S., Puri, N., Kaw, M., Sirianni, N., Eren, D., Mopidevi, B., & Kumar, A. (2017). The Transcriptional Regulation of the Human Angiotensinogen Gene after High-Fat Diet is Haplotype-Dependent: Novel Insights Into the Gene-regulatory Networks and Implications for Human Hypertension. PLoS One, 12 (5), e0176373. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0176373
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