Role of Sacituzumab Govitecan in Solid Tumors

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Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice




OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the antibody-drug conjugate- sacituzumab govitecan, its pharmacological properties, toxicity, data supporting efficacy against a wide variety of solid tumors beyond breast cancer, and potential future uses.

DATA SOURCES: Articles in MEDLINE/PubMed databases and the National Institutes of Health Clinical Trials Registry (http://www. between January 1, 2015, and July 1, 2021 using MeSH terms sacituzumab govitecan(- hziy) and solid tumors were reviewed.

DATA SUMMARY: Antibody-drug conjugates (ADC's) are a subclass of emerging cancer therapeutics which combines chemotherapy with targeted antibodies. Sacituzumab govitecan (SG) is a novel antibody drug conjugate that has recently been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in adult patients for the treatment of unresectable locally advanced or metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (mTNBC) who have received two or more prior systemic therapies, at least one of them for metastatic disease. The approval of sacituzumab govitecan provides a new option for solid tumors that need to be further explored. In this review article, we discussed the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, safety profile of sacituzumab govitecan and various ongoing clinical trials on sacituzumab govitecan.

CONCLUSION: Sacituzumab is a significant advancement made in cancer therapy. SG has showed significantly improved Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in addition to prolonged progression free survival and Over all survival in addition to maintaining a good safety profile. Multiple clinical trials on SG are ongoing to evaluate the potential use of SG as neoadjuvant therapy in triple negative breast cancer, as an Adjuvant therapy, in combination with immunotherapy, and also for various solid tumors.