Association of Baseline Frailty Status and Age With Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Intracranial Meningioma Surgery: Results of a Nationwide Analysis of 5818 Patients From the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (Nsqip) 2015-2019

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European Journal of Surgical Oncology




PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to compare the effect of frailty, as measured by the 5-factor modified frailty index (mFI-5), with that of age on postoperative outcomes of patients undergoing surgery for intracranial meningiomas, using data from a large national registry.

METHODS: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database (2015-2019) was queried to analyze data from patients undergoing intracranial meningioma resection (N = 5,818). Univariate and multivariate analyses of age and mFI-5 score were performed for 30-day mortality, major complications, unplanned reoperation, unplanned readmission, extended hospital length of stay (eLOS), and discharge to a non-home destination.

RESULTS: Both univariate and multivariate analyses (adjusted for sex, body mass index, transfer status, smoking, and operative time) demonstrated that mFI-5 and age were significant predictors of adverse postoperative outcomes in patients with intracranial meningioma. However, based on odds ratios (OR) and effect sizes, increasing frailty tiers were better predictors than age of adverse outcomes. Severely frail patients showed highest effects sizes for all postoperative outcome variables [OR 11.17 (95% CI 3.45-36.19), p

CONCLUSION: In this national database study, baseline frailty status was a better independent predictor for worse postoperative outcomes than age in patients with intracranial meningioma.