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The Science Journal of the Lander College of Arts and Sciences

Abstract

Irreversible dental problems such as dental carries and periodontal disease create a plethora of general and oral health issues. Although there are solutions to treat these different problems, an emphasis has been placed on finding a solution to these points with the help of bioengineering and stem cells. Using stem cells to treat these problems could result in a more permanent fix than the methods dentists employ now. Two novel approaches to fixing irreversible dental problems via stem cell therapy are tooth tissue regeneration and whole tooth replacement. This paper reviews the advantages and disadvantages of using dental pulp stem cells, stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth, periodontal ligament stem cells and stem cells of the apical papilla for these novel techniques. Ultimately, these methods provide a promising future for dental patients, particularly with the use of stem cells from of the apical papilla.

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