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The Science Journal of the Lander College of Arts and Sciences

Abstract

The study of the aging process and its prevention is an incredibly popular field; the natural course of the human body is to age and theories abound on how to avoid it. Age affects every system and pathway of the body and alters many of the bodily functions. This paper, using articles from Touro’s library database examines the different areas in which aging negatively affects ATP production. The multifaceted process associated with the production of ATP in the human body was analyzed. Several features such as the mitochondria, physical activity, and hormones are linked to ATP production and the relationship was further explored. The findings reveal that a dysfunction or lack of these factors, a feature of aging, is the initiator of the decrease in ATP production that is attributed to the natural aging process. Together, a lack of mitochondrial function, physical inactivity, reduced growth hormone levels, and increased insulin sensitivity levels contribute to the decline in ATP production that is concomitant with the progression of age. The diminishing presence of ATP then stimulates further dysfunction or lack of these elements, which in turn drives the aging process even further.

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