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The Science Journal of the Lander College of Arts and Sciences

Abstract

Stem cells seem to offer an alternative venue for treating many cell related diseases, such as age-related macular degeneration (ARMD). ARMD is a progressive neurodegenerative medical condition, which primarily affects the retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE), resulting in degeneration of photoreceptors. Scientists have been successful in implanting stem cells into the eyes of rats. These injected cells sustained visual function and photoreceptor integrity without any cancerous cell formation. There are numerous treatments available to slow down the progression of ARMD. Depending on the type of ARMD, doctors may either recommend leading a healthier lifestyle or that one should undergo surgery. Numerous risk factors can increase one’s chances of getting ARMD depending on one’s age and race. Bad habits, such as cigarette smoking, can contribute to the progression of ARMD. It is important to get a comprehensive dilated eye exam periodically. Many eye diseases that don’t have any warning signs can be detected with such an eye exam.

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