The Science Journal of the Lander College of Arts and Sciences


The addition of fluoride to our water system may not be as beneficial to children as previously thought. While fluoride is effective at preventing dental caries formation, it would be more beneficial if it was administered only as an oral topical treatment and not introduced into the water. This paper will examine research that explains dental caries formation and the caoriostatic mechanism of fluoride. Additionally, the adverse effects of fluoride by causing fluorosis will be reviewed. By analyzing studies that compare the prevalence of dental caries and fluorosis in both fluoridated areas and nonfluoridated areas, it can be concluded that while dental caries decrease in both areas, a drastic increase in fluorosis is noticed only in those fluoridated areas.