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Every physician has been trained early in their careers on how to recognize and manage sepsis. Although sepsis has been one of the most researched ailments in medicine, it also remains one of the deadliest diseases in the face of recent advances. In this current article, we review the diagnostic and management criteria for Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS), sepsis, severe sepsis, septic shock, and Multi Organ Dysfunction Syndrome (MODS). We then examine the implications of the “surviving sepsis” campaign as well as explore the philosophy of Early Goal Directed Therapy (EGDT) and its role in the modern day management of sepsis. In addition, we sought to highlight potential new biomarkers and current available therapies in sepsis.

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Originally published in the HSOA Journal of Emergency Medicine, Trauma & Surgical Care, 3(1) [Article 014]. Licensed under CC BY. This material can be found here.