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Background: How health care professionals address health literacy as part of the provider-client relationship is important for prevention and promoting self-management and symptom management. Research usually focuses on patients’ health literacy and fails to examine provider practices, thus leaving a gap in the literature and patient outcomes analyses. Objective: The study tested the reliability and validity of a series of questions developed to evaluate health care provider health literacy promotion practices on an interprofessional sample. Methods: This exploratory cross-sectional study took place between 2013 and 2015. Participants included graduate level health professions students from nursing, midwifery, medicine, pharmacy, and social work. Exploratory factor analyses with varimax rotation examined the reliability and validity of the instrument as a measure of health literacy promotion practices. Key Results: Of the participants in the programs, 198 completed the health literacy questions in the online survey. Exploratory factor analysis showed that questions loaded on two factors connected with either individual or organizational characteristics that facilitated health literacy promotion practices. The Cronbach’s alpha for the instrument was 0.95. Conclusions: This study helped determine the reliability and validity of the items as measures of providers’ health literacy practices. Future research will help to further establish the stability of the instrument as a measure and increase its potential reliability when linking provider practices to health literacy sensitive client outcomes. Testing the instrument separately and concurrently with each health profession is recommended until instrument stability across professional roles has been established.

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Originally published in Health Literacy Research and Practice, 1(4), e239-e246. Licensed under CC BY-NC 4.0. The original material can be found here.