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Project Based Learning, Agency, Agency Skills, Authenticity, Innovation, Student Innovation, Authentic Curriculum


After high school, students will no longer have a formal educational guide and must be able to be self-guided learners to continue their own professional growth. As a result, the development of agency skills while still in K-12 education is imperative. This article examines a study undertaken with 12th-grade government students to examine the connection between curriculum involving authentic-client based projects and the development of student agency skills. In particular, it examines the development of agency brought about specifically by the necessity of student innovation inherent in solving authentic problems. The study found that, with a focus group of students comfortable with Project Based Learning, that authentic client-based PBL requiring student innovation caused remarkable growth in both agency skill development and end-of-project content knowledge compared to growth from projects without an authentic client.

Biggs, Andrew poster.pdf (504 kB)