Virtual Schools in the US: Case Studies of Policy, Performance and Research Evidence

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date



Graduate School of Education


The researchers produced case studies for Ohio, Wisconsin, Idaho, Washington, and Michigan. The goal of these case studies was to describe the enrollment, characteristics, and performance of virtual and blended schools over the previous year; discuss the research related to the virtual and blended schooling; and examine the legislation and policies over the past two years. These case studies reveal a great degree of consistency. For example, most virtual schools were independent, but most students attended an EMO virtual school, which had a much higher student-teacher ratio. Virtual students also underperformed. Additionally, there was a general lack of empirical research related to virtual and blended schools. Finally, there was also a general lack of legislative activity over the two years.

Publisher's Statement

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