NYMC Faculty Publications

Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy With Associated Papillitis

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Resident/Fellow, Faculty

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The purpose of this study was to report the rare presentation of bilateral acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy (APMPPE) and unilateral papillitis treated successfully with corticosteroid therapy. The methods used in this study include fundus photography and fluorescein angiography. A 40-year-old female presented to the emergency room with decreased vision, headache, and photophobia with fundus examination findings of bilateral creamy placoid lesions in the posterior pole and unilateral papillitis, macular edema, and disc hemorrhages. Fluorescein angiography demonstrated early hypofluorescence corresponding to the placoid lesions followed by late, irregular hyperfluorescent staining. Optical coherence tomography revealed peripapillary and macular edema of the left eye. The patient was treated with two retrobulbar corticosteroid injections and a course of oral prednisone with improvement in fundus findings and visual acuity at follow-up examination six weeks from the presentation. The presence of optic nerve and macular edema in APMPPE suggests severe chorioretinal inflammation for which systemic and local corticosteroids are a reasonable treatment option.