Utility of Frailty as a Predictor of Acute Kidney Injury in Patients With Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
Resident/Fellow, Student, Faculty
INTRODUCTION: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with poor outcome in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage patients (aSAH). Frailty has recently been demonstrated to correlate with elevated mortality and morbidity; its impact on predicting AKI and mortality in aSAH patients has not been investigated. OBJECTIVE: Evaluating risk factors and predictors for AKI in aSAH patients. METHODS: aSAH patients from a single-center's prospectively maintained database were retrospectively evaluated for development of AKI within 14 days of admission. Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics were collected. The effect of frailty and other risk factors were evaluated. RESULTS: Of 213 aSAH patients, 53 (33.1%) were frail and 12 (5.6%) developed AKI. Admission serum creatinine (sCr) and peak sCr within 48 h were higher in frail patients. AKI patients showed a trend towards higher frailty. Mortality was significantly higher in AKI than non-AKI aSAH patients. Frailty was a poor predictor of AKI when controlling for Hunt and Hess (HH) grade or age. HH grade ≥ 4 strongly predicted AKI when controlling for frailty. CONCLUSION: AKI in aSAH patients carries a poor prognosis. The HH grade appears to have superior utility as a predictor of AKI in aSAH patients than mFI.
Ng, C., Dominguez, J. F., Hosein-Woodley, R., Feldstein, E., Naftchi, A., Lui, A., Dicpinigaitis, A. J., McIntyre, M. K., Kaur, G., Santarelli, J., Bauerschmidt, A., Mayer, S. A., Bowers, C. A., Gandhi, C. D., & Al-Mufti, F. (2023). Utility of Frailty as a Predictor of Acute Kidney Injury in Patients With Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. https://doi.org/10.1177/15910199221076626