NYMC Faculty Publications

The Vascular Complications of Diabetes: A Review of Their Management, Pathogenesis, and Prevention

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Resident/Fellow, Student, Faculty

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Expert Review of Endocrinology & Metabolism

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INTRODUCTION: This review highlights the pathogenesis of both microvascular and macrovascular complications of diabetes and how these mechanisms influence both the management and preventative strategies of these complications. The cumulative data shown in this review suggest hyperglycemic and blood pressure control remain central to this intricate process. AREAS COVERED: We reviewed the literature including retrospective, prospective trials as well as meta-analysis, and post hoc analysis of randomized trials on microvascular andmacrovascular complications. EXPERT OPINION: Further research is needed to explore the ideal intervention targets and preventative strategies needed to prevent macrovascular complications. Furthermore, as the data for trials looking at microvascular complications lengthen more long-term data will further elucidate the role that the duration of diabetes has on these complications. Additionally, trials looking to maximize hyperglycemic control with multiple agents in diabetes, such as metformin, SGL2isand GLP-1 receptor agonists are currently in process, which will have implications for rates of microvascular as well as macrovascular complications.